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Nutrition for Children with Down Syndrome Healthy Everyday
ehealthycare.com- Down syndrome is a genetic disorder chromosome. Children who have Down syndrome often experience a loss of muscle tone, dry skin, short stature, low immunity, mental retardation and difficulty speaking. Various studies on nutrition was done to correct abnormalities in children with Down syndrome has been done, however, not all give the same result. No special nutrition is given, but the food should contain sufficient given macro nutrients such as proteins, carbohydrates, fats and amino acids. While micronutrients such as minerals, vitamins and antioxidants. Here is nutrition for children with Down syndrome:
Vitamins should be given to children and their needs with the dose recommended by the doctor. Do not give vitamin A in the amount due to be toxic or harmful to the health of children.
Many children with Down syndrome have constipation or bowel problems, therefore the provision of prebiotics and probiotics in addition to dietary fiber and enough fluids, very good to improve these conditions, and can improve the immune system.
Some studies suggest that chromosomal abnormalities in children Down syndrome is caused due to deficiency of antioxidants in the body so that a lot of damage to DNA. Antibiotics greatly help improve or reduce damage to DNA. Antioxidants that can be used is lycopene, vitamin ABCD, zinc, selenium and beta-carotene. Lycopene is abundant in tomatoes, watermelon, lobster, guava etc.
Giving DHA in children with Down syndrome can improve nerve and eye development, including cell membranes in the brain and retina. Giving DHA should not be excessive because it can suppress the immune system. Sources of food containing omega 3 for example flaxseed, sardines, salmon, shrimp, soy, sea scallops or oysters etc.
The most important minerals are selenium and zinc. In several studies conducted, administration of selenium and zinc in children with Down syndrome can improve the immune system. Give minerals in accordance with the needs and the dose given. Do not exceed the dose because it can harm the health of children. Many food sources contain yanitu zunc beef, chicken and seafood. While foods that have high levels of selenium that button mushrooms, shitake mushrooms, shrimp, cod, tuna, snapper and salmon.
Giving choline can stimulate the formation of the end of the process of myelination or nerve tissue, reduce inflammatory reactions, improve communication and increase muscle nerves with brain neurotransmitters. Sources of food containing choline ie soybeans, egg yolks, tomatoes, broccoli, oats, milk, corn, flaxseed etc.
Some studies suggest that children who have with Down syndrome have sistenin amonio acid levels and lysine are rather high in the blood and the amino acids serine and triptofa rather low. Amino acid serine is one non-essential amino acid that membenruk protein. If the amino acids serine deficiency can cause slow in befikir and delays skills or physical skills. Sources of food containing amino acid serine as: soybeans, chicken, beans, eggs, fish, beef, asparagus, etc.
While Tryptophan is essential for the function of neurotransmitters or brain signals conductor which improves mood such as anxiety, depression and stress. In addition triprofan also can stimulate the appetite, making sleep more comfortable, increase the growth and development of children and improve concentration. Sources of food that contains high tryptophan namely tuna, chicken breast, soy beans, uadang, salmon, beef, etc.
For a childs weight based on age very different between boys and girls perempuan.Untuk girls, best weight is 18 kg (39 pounds), while the boys 20 kg (44 pounds).